Aquatilium Animalium Historiae
Salviani (Ippolito), Rome, 1554
Engraved title incorporating portrait of Salviani and Pope Marcellus II’s coat-of-arms within architectural border with marine motifs (slightly frayed and repaired to verso), 76 engraved plates only (of 81)
It is generally believed that Nicolas Beatricetto designed the title and some of the illustrations, whilst the illustrations are by Antoine Lafrery. Ippolito Salviani (1514-1572) studied medicine in Rome, where he also developed an interest in natural history and in particular ichthyology. Under the patronage of Cardinal Cervini, later Pope Marcellus II, his studies were developed and financed, not only on the coast of Italy but also in other Mediterranean and Northern European regions. Cervini died before the work was printed however, and the work was dedicated instead to Pope Paul IV.